More than 1300 reporters have been killed between 2000 and 2016. Thirty-three percent of them were killed in Iraq, Syria and Pakistan, states the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
The CPJ is an independent, nonprofit organization that promotes press freedom worldwide. The organization defends the right of journalists to report news without fear of reprisal.
The Middle East has a high percentage of killed journalists between 2000 and 2016, according to CPJ. During this time period the Iraq War began in 2003 and finished by 2011. In this period, 227 reporters were killed. This signifies for 88.6 percent of the Iraq list. This figure also means Iraq is the most dangerous country work as journalist.
The second most dangerous country is the Philippines. In spite of no civil war in the Philippines, the country has been a dangerous place for journalists because of the local governments.
CPJ registered the single deadliest event for journalists in history: at least 32 journalists were killed in the town of Ampatuan in the Philippines in November 2009. Around 60 people, included the journalists, were on their way to file a certificate of candidacy for Esmael Mangudadatu, vice mayor of Buluan town.
Mangudadatu was challenging Datu Unsay mayor Andal Ampatuan Jr, son of the incumbent Maguindanao governor Andal Ampatuan, member of one of Mindanao’s leading Muslim political clans. Before they went, the reporters were kidnapped and killed.
The statistics do not show just Middle East or Asian countries as a dangerous area. Also three Latin American countries appear on the list of the most dangerous countries: Mexico, Colombia and Brazil.
In Mexico, drug cartels and organized crime have become the principal actor trying to silence journalists. From 2000 to 2016, CPJ registered 75 killed journalists in Mexico.
Colombia had an intensive internal conflict in the beginning of 21st century. The result: more than half of killed reporters in Colombia were from 2000 to 2003.
In the case of Brazil, the number of killed journalists has increased from 2011. Altogether 6 reporters were killed between 2011-2015. It represents two thirds of total. In 2012, an investigation from Interamerican Press Association (SIP, in Spanish) already warned the situation about attacks and pressures for Brazilian journalists.
Text and graphic: Aramis Castro
Comment by Frank La Rue: How can journalism fight hate speech and terrorism?
Filming: Esko Hatunen
Interview: Saleh Kishta
Editing: Luca Lönfors